How do ocean currents affect temperature quizlet?

A warm ocean current that flows toward the poles results in warm air masses that move over land that the current flows past. This causes the climate of that land area to be warmer than it would be otherwise. A cold ocean current that flows toward the equator results in cold air masses affecting the nearby land.

How does temperature relate to ocean currents?

Water expands when it warms up – heat energy makes its molecules move around more and take up more space. … When water cools, it contracts and becomes denser. Temperature and salinity both affect the density of water, resulting in water moving up or down through the ocean layers and moving as currents around the ocean.

Does temperature affect the movement of ocean currents?

Surface ocean currents can occur on local and global scales and are typically wind-driven, resulting in both horizontal and vertical water movement. … Water density is affected by the temperature, salinity (saltiness), and depth of the water. The colder and saltier the ocean water, the denser it is.

How do ocean currents affect the temperature and precipitation patterns of nearby land masses quizlet?

Warm currents move water from EAST TO WEST ALONG THE EQUATOR. When these warm currents encounter a landmass, they are forced to turn. … Warm water currents will influence the climate of nearby landmasses, making them warmer and more humid.

How does the ocean influence weather and climate?

The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …

How does temperature affect weather?

Higher temperatures mean that heat waves are likely to happen more often and last longer, too. … Warmer temperatures can also lead to a chain reaction of other changes around the world. That’s because increasing air temperature also affects the oceans, weather patterns, snow and ice, and plants and animals.

What is the effect of these currents on Earth’s temperatures?

The movement of water creates heat. Ocean currents circulate heat away from the equator. Ocean currents have no affect on temperature moderation.

Why do differences in water temperature in the ocean create movement?

This water movement is driven by convection: The movement of water due to differences in temperature. Because the warm water is lighter than the cold water and wants to expand, it moves into the upper cup through the hole.

How does temperature affect the humidity of the surroundings?

As noted by the Sciencing.com website, “As air temperature increases, air can hold more water molecules, and its relative humidity decreases. When temperatures drop, relative humidity increases.”

How does temperature affect the atmosphere?

Temperature, Sunlight, and Humidity. Air temperature affects the movement of air, and thus the movement of air pollution. … The warmer, lighter air at the surface rises, and the cooler, heavier air in the upper troposphere sinks. This is known as convection and it moves pollutants from the ground to higher altitudes.

How does temperature affect wind?

Temperature is the intensity of heat in a substance while the wind speed is the air in motion from. … The atmosphere tries to equalize the air pressure at these two spots, forming wind. Generally, the larger the temperature difference, the stronger the resulting winds will be.

Why does temperature affect humidity?

Relative humidity changes when temperatures change. Because warm air can hold more water vapor than cool air, relative humidity falls when the temperature rises if no moisture is added to the air.

Why does temperature decrease with humidity?

Hot air has the capacity to hold more water than cooler air — so if the temperature rises and there’s no extra moisture added to the air, the relative humidity will go down.

How does the temperature affect the amount of water vapor in the air humidity?

The higher the temperature, the more water vapor a volume of air is capable of holding. … As air warms, its capacity for holding water vapor increases; as it cools, the capacity decreases. The maximum water vapor capacity of a volume increase at an increasing rate as temperature increases.

How does temperature affect precipitation?

As average temperatures at the Earth’s surface rise, more evaporation occurs, which, in turn, increases overall precipitation. … In addition, higher temperatures lead to more evaporation, so increased precipitation will not necessarily increase the amount of water available for drinking, irrigation, and industry.

Does temperature increase with humidity?

Humidity doesn’t affect the actual temperature at all, but it does affect the PERCEPTION of temperature by people. This is due to two factors. 1) something called “specific heat,” which means the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of the air.

How does the temperature and humidity affect to metrology?

Most calibration laboratory equipment and processes are sensitive to ambient temperature and relative humidity. … If the humidity is too high or low, it can affect the accuracy of sensitive tests. Temperature also plays a part in ensuring it does not contaminate samples.

How does cold temperature affect precipitation?

Because the saturation vapor pressure of water decreases exponentially with decreasing temperature (a property often summarized by the statement “cold air can hold less water vapor than warm air”), cooling of a moist air mass by lifting is an efficient mechanism for producing saturation and condensation.

How does the sea affect the climate of coastal areas?

The sea affects the climate of a place. Coastal areas are cooler and wetter than inland areas. Clouds form when warm air from inland areas meets cool air from the sea. … In the summer, temperatures can be very hot and dry as moisture from the sea evaporates before it reaches the centre of the land mass.

How do temperature and precipitation vary from place to place and season to season?

1)latitudinal extent and curvature of Earth which results into the formation of three temperature belts. … 2)Also the temperature belts as warm air can gold more water vapour and vice – versa ,thus places having higher temperatures receive rainfall and vice -versa.

When the air temperature changes from warm to cold precipitation is in the form of?

Sleet
Sleet: The icy precipitation known as sleet forms when a thin layer of warmer air comes between layers of cold air. A top layer of below-freezing air creates ice crystals that melt as they fall through a thin layer of above-freezing air.