Who Influenced Nietzsche

Who was Nietzsche first influenced by?

Arthur Schopenhauer strongly influenced Nietzsche’s philosophical thought.

Who influenced Nietzsche the most?

Nietzsche’s enthusiasm for Schopenhauer, his studies in classical philology, his inspiration from Wagner, his reading of Lange, his interests in health, his professional need to prove himself as a young academic, and his frustration with the contemporary German culture, all coalesced in his first book—The Birth of …

Who has Nietzsche inspired?

Nietzsche’s relativism has had a powerful influence on two of the most important modern French Deconstructionist philosophers, Jacques Derrida (b. 1930) and Michel Foucault (1926-1984).

Was Nietzsche influenced by Freud?

Although Freud wrote of Nietzsche having anticipated psychoanalytic concepts, he denied that Nietzsche had any influence on his thought.

Who did Nietzsche learn from?

In addition, Nietzsche was taken by the persona of the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, which Nietzsche claimed to have culled from close readings of the two-volume magnum opus, The World as Will and Representation. Nietzsche discovered Schopenhauer while studying in Leipzig.

Was Nietzsche influenced by Buddhism?

Friedrich Nietzsche admired Buddhism, writing that: “Buddhism already has – and this distinguishes it profoundly from Christianity – the self-deception of moral concepts behind it – it stands, in my language, Beyond Good and Evil.” He further stated: “Buddhism is the only genuinely positive religion to be encountered …

How did Nietzsche influence society?

Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights.

Who was Nietzsche’s favorite philosopher?

He owed the awakening of his philosophical interest to reading Schopenhauer’s The World as Will and Representation and later admitted that Schopenhauer was one of the few thinkers whom he respected, dedicating the essay “Schopenhauer as Educator” in the Untimely Meditations to him.

What was Nietzsche’s greatest contribution to philosophy?

Nietzsche often thought of his writings as struggles with nihilism, and apart from his critiques of religion, philosophy, and morality he developed original theses that have commanded attention, especially perspectivism, the will to power, eternal recurrence, and the superman.

What did Freud think about Nietzsche?

Conclusion: Freud repeatedly stated that he had never read Nietzsche. Evidence contradicting this are his references to Nietzsche and his quotations and paraphrases of him, in causal conversation and his now published personal correspondence, as well as in his early and later writings.

What theories did Freud influence?

It was while treating patients that he developed his famous theories of the id, ego, and superego, the libido, the life and death instincts, and psychoanalysis.

Was Nietzsche self taught?

Not only did Nietzsche write eloquently on the concept of self-education, but his own education as a philosopher exhibits rather well this very theme. Nietzsche was one of the greatest philosophical writers of his time and likely the greatest.

What did Nietzsche think of Plato?

Nietzsche asks how Plato, “the most beautiful growth of antiquity”, could have succumbed to the anti-perspectival error of “the pure spirit and the good as such”. His suggestion is that maybe he was corrupted by Socrates, who maybe “deserve[d] his hemlock” after all.

Did Nietzsche misunderstand Buddhism?

While Nietzsche’s early mentor, Schopenhauer, was a great admirer of early Buddhism, Nietzsche scarcely stands alone in his misunderstanding of Buddhism as a nihilistic religion.

What religion did Nietzsche believe in?

And while many simply regard Nietzsche as an atheist, Young does not view Nietzsche as a non-believer, radical individualist, or immoralist, but as a nineteenth-century religious reformer belonging to a German Volkish tradition of conservative com- munitarianism.

How influential is Nietzsche?

Nietzsche’s great influence is due not only to his originality but also to the fact that he was one of the German language’s most-brilliant prose writers.

What does Nietzsche say about society?

Throughout his works, Nietzsche saw culture as central to human life and believed that strong and healthy cultures would create distinguished, creative, and powerful individuals, whereas weak and fragmented cultures would create mediocre and inferior beings.

Who was most influenced by Nietzsche?

Nietzsche’s relativism has had a powerful influence on two of the most important modern French Deconstructionist philosophers, Jacques Derrida (b. 1930) and Michel Foucault (1926-1984).

What is the most significant work of Nietzsche?

Nietzsche composed his most famous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, A Book for All and None from 1883–85. It is at once a manifesto of personal self-overcoming and a guide for others. 150,000 copies of the work were printed by the German government and issued with the Bible to young soldiers during WWI.

Who did Nietzsche admire the most?

Johan Wolfgang Goethe was the individual Friedrich Nietzsche admired the most. Nietzsche admired the boundless energy with which Van Goethe pursued his wide-ranging interests in literature, philosophy, politics, and many other areas.

Who was Nietzsche’s favorite classical philosopher?

He owed the awakening of his philosophical interest to reading Schopenhauer’s The World as Will and Representation and later admitted that Schopenhauer was one of the few thinkers whom he respected, dedicating the essay “Schopenhauer as Educator” in the Untimely Meditations to him.

What did Nietzsche think of Socrates?

He often laments Socrates’ suicide as a sort of inextricable flaw of his otherwise mighty stature. To Nietzsche, Socrates is not an unqualified hero, but more like the typical protagonist of a Greek tragedy: the extraordinary, virtuous man, with the flaw that brings about his downfall.

What was Nietzsche’s main philosophy?

Nietzsche’s primarily negative assessment of the ethical and moralistic teachings of Christianity followed from his earlier considerations of the questions of God and morality in the works The Gay Science and Thus Spoke Zarathustra. These considerations led Nietzsche to the idea of eternal recurrence.

What is Nietzsche best known for?

German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a “super-man.”

What are Nietzsche’s three most important ideas?

NIETZSCHE: The Eternal Recurrence In Nietzsche’s book Thus Spoke Zarathustra, there are three major teachings Zarathustra has to offer: the Will to Power, the conception of the Eternal Recurrence and the advocacy of the Overman.

Was Freud inspired by Nietzsche?

There are two factors whose presence would strengthen the likelihood that Freud was influenced by Nietzsche, and both are implicit in Freud’s remarks that an “excess of interest” prevented him from reading the philosopher. The first factor is Freud’s attraction to Nietz- sche’s ideas and admiration for him as a person.

What did Carl Jung say about Nietzsche?

It was Nietzsche who, according to Jung, was among the first to recognize this fact, and who expressed that a part of human nature was not being lived (the instincts, the Dionysian side of life).

Who opposed Freud’s theory?

Heinz Kohut, a leading psychoanalyst who developed a new theory of the self in opposition to the ideas of Sigmund Freud, died Thursday of congestive heart failure at Billing Hospital in Chicago. He was 68 years old. Dr.

What were the important aspects of Freudian psychoanalysis as anticipated by Nietzsche?

What were the important aspects of Freudian psychoanalysis anticipated by Nietzche? At the heart of Nietzsche’s psychology is the tension between Apollonian and Dionysian tendencies. The Dionysian tendency, which he referred to as “barbarian,” could not express itself unabated without destroying the individual.

What influenced Sigmund Freud’s psychology?

After studying medicine at the University of Vienna, Freud worked and gained respect as a physician. Through his work with respected French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot, Freud became fascinated with the emotional disorder known as hysteria. 1 Later, Freud and his friend and mentor Dr.

Who influenced Freud’s work?

In 1885-86, Freud spent the greater part of a year in Paris, where he was deeply impressed by the work of the French neurologist Jean Charcot who was at that time using hypnotism to treat hysteria and other abnormal mental conditions.

Did Sigmund Freud have any major influences?

Freud read widely as a young student, and his later theories are thought to have been influenced by various contemporaneous scientists and researchers, as well as by prominent continental philosophers such as Nietzsche and Schopenhauer.

What historical events influenced Freud?

The most significant event for Freud and the psychoanalytic movement during this time occurred in March 1938, when the German Nazis invaded Austria.

What did Freud influence?

Freud revolutionized the understanding and treatment of mental disorders. He created the psychoanalytic theory of personality. But beyond this, he profoundly changed our understanding of humanity, thought, and culture.

What are Freud’s 3 theories?

According to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory, the id is the primitive and instinctual part of the mind that contains sexual and aggressive drives and hidden memories, the super-ego operates as a moral conscience, and the ego is the realistic part that mediates between the desires of the id and the super-ego.

What was Freud’s influence on psychology?

Freud may justly be called the most influential intellectual legislator of his age. His creation of psychoanalysis was at once a theory of the human psyche, a therapy for the relief of its ills, and an optic for the interpretation of culture and society.

Was Nietzsche an academic?

Appointed professor in classical philology at the University of Basel in 1869 when he was only 24 years old, he was seen as a prodigy with a brilliant career ahead of him. However, he left academic life in 1878, due to his worsening health and increasing disillusionment with institutionalised scholarship.

Who taught Nietzsche?

During the months surrounding Nietzsche’s initial meeting with Wagner, Ritschl recommended Nietzsche for a position on the classical philology faculty at the University of Basel. The Swiss university offered Nietzsche the professorial position, and he began teaching there in May, 1869, at the age of 24.

Did Nietzsche teach?

In 1869, with Ritschl’s support, Nietzsche received an offer to become a professor of classical philology at the University of Basel in Switzerland. He was only 24 years old and had neither completed his doctorate nor received a teaching certificate (“habilitation”).

What did Nietzsche believe about education?

Education in modernity is a lost cause, Nietzsche argues. It is beyond redemption because (1) true teachers can no longer be found and (2) we are almost incapable of educating ourselves. At best we might attempt to educate ourselves against the age, which includes the challenging task of educating against our selves.

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